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ILCAA Joint Research Project

A Study of the Accent and Intonation of Korean Dialects

A Study of the Accent and Intonation of Korean Dialects

Keywords

  • Korean
  • accent
  • intonation
  • historical linguistics
  • Dialectology

Areas

  • Korea
  • China

Website

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About the Project

Project term: April, 2014–March, 2017

Middle Korean (15-16th c.) had a distinctive pitch accent. Many contemporary Korean dialects including Seoul have lost this distinctive accent; however, it has still been preserved in some dialects spoken in peripheral areas of the Korean peninsula: Kyengsang (South Korea), Hamkyeng (North Korea), Yanbian (north-eastern China), etc. In this project, we investigate the accent and intonation of these contemporary dialects as well as Middle Korean in detail. Based on the collected data, we will conduct joint research on the phonological/phonetic properties of the Korean prosodies. The topics we will work on include: identification of the basic accent system and tonal alternation rules; compound accent; regular correspondence rates with Middle Korean accent and the cause for exceptions; correlation between accent distribution and lexical class; loanword accentuation; generational differences; variation and analogical change; comparative studies of various dialects; reconstruction of a Proto-Korean accent; focus and intonation patterns; acoustic analysis of F0 tracings and peak delay, and the effect of segments on the phonetic realization of each accent class.

Chiyuki ITO, Project Coordinator (ILCAA)

Members

Coordinator

  • Chiyuki ITO (ILCAA)

Joint Researchers

  • Akira Utsugi
  • Clemens Poppe
  • John Whitman
  • Munsuk Lee
  • Rei Fukui
  • Son Jaehyun
  • Youngsuk Kang

Outputs

Meetings

The 8th meeting

  • Date/Time: 18 March 2017 (Sat.) 13:30-17:10
  • Venue: Room 306, ILCAA
  • Yuko OSANAI (ILCAA Research Associate)
    “The Accent of Modal Form -l ti- in Late Middle Korean”
    Yutaka SUGIYAMA (Kyoto Sangyo University)
    “Accentual Characteristics of Middle Korean in Philological Demarcation: An Analysis of Twusi-Enhay.”

The 7th meeting

  • Japanese and Korean accent: diachrony, reconstruction, and typology
  • Date/Time: 2 July 2016 (Sat.) 9:50–19:30, 3 July 2016 (Sun.) 10:00–16:40
  • Venue: Room 303, ILCAA
  • Languages: English and Japanese
  • Jointly sponsored by ILCAA, ILCAA Joint Research Project “A Study of the Accent and Intonation of Korean Dialects”
  • 2 July
  • Opening remarks
    Clemens POPPE (ILCAA Joint Researcher, National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics)
    “The role of word prosodic structure in the analysis of Japanese and Korean accent systems”
    Tatsuya HIRAKO (Komazawa University)
    “Issues on the Gairin type accent”
    Hyun Kyung HWANG (National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics)
    “Biased questions in Tokyo Japanese and South Kyeongsang Korean”
    Munsuk LEE (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo University of Science)
    “Accent in Korean dialects and onset types”
    Haruo KUBOZONO (National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics)
    “Mora and syllable in the pitch accent system of Koshikijima Japanese”
    Elisabeth de Boer
    “Universals of tone rules and Japanese”
    Rei FUKUI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, The University of Tokyo)
    “Accent shift in Korean and Japanese”
    S. Robert Ramsey (Maryland University)
    “Naturalness and Parsimony in Historical Reconstruction”
    Reception
  • 3 July
  • Jaehyun SON (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Duksung Women’s University)
    “Accent Types and Their Correspondences in Korean”
    Akira UTSUGI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Nagoya University)
    “Kyungsang Korean tonal system from the perspective of sentence prosody”
    Young suk Kang (ILCAA Joint Researcher, ILCAA Junior Fellow)
    “Accents of compound verbs in Busan dialect of Korean”
    Hyangsook Sohn & Micheal Kenstowicz (Kyungpook National University & Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
    “The accent of Korean names”
    Akiko MATSUMORI (Japan Women’s University)
    “Reconstruction of the accentual system of Proto-Northern Ryukyuan”
    Thomas Pellard (French National Centre for Scientific Research)
    “Typological and historical-comparative perspectives on tone and vowel length in Ryukyuan”
    Yosuke IGARASHI (Hitotsubashi University)
    “A unified list of cognate words in Japanese and Ryukyuan for the purpose of historical comparative linguistics”
    Zendo UWANO (Professor emeritus, The University of Tokyo)
    “On Hattori’s hypothesis: Does shortening of long vowels produce an accent kernel?”
    Closing remarks

The 6th meeting Report (Japanese)(184KB)

  • Date/Time: 12 March 2016 (Sat.) 13:30-17:10
  • Venue: Room 306, ILCAA
  • Mihee LEE (The University of Tokyo)
    “Loanword accentuation in the Pusan dialect of Korean”
    Munsuk LEE (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo University of Science)
    “Accent and its on-going changes in the Jella dialect of Korean”
    Rei FUKUI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, The University of Tokyo)
    “Observations on Korean phonetics by Shinpei Ogura: Focus on the accent and vowel system in the Kyengsang dialect of Korean”

The 5th meeting Report (Japanese, English)(517KB)

  • Date/Time: 19 December 2015 (Sat.) 13:00-17:10
  • Venue: Room 301, ILCAA
  • Jaehyun SON (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Duksung Women’s University)
    ”Verbal accent of the Daegu dialect of Korean”
    Hyun Kyung HWANG (National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics)
    “Interaction between focus prosody and wh-scope marking”
    Young suk KANG (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Matsuyama University)
    “Accentual varaiability in the Korean dialects of the Gwangyang area”
    Teruhiro HAYATA (Former professor, Kyushu University)
    “Vowel deletion in Old Japanese: perspectives not conditioned by vowel openness”

The 4th meeting Report (Japanese)(136KB)

  • Date/Time: 11 July 2015 (Sat.) 14:00-17:10
  • Venue: Room 304, ILCAA
  • Munjung SEO (Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    “Pitch realizations based on the accent types in the Daegu dialect of Korean”
    John WHITMAN (ILCAA Joint Researcher, National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics)
    “Tonogenesis in Korean then and now”

The 3rd meeting Report (English, Japanese)(359KB)

  • Date/Time: 28 March 2015 (Sat.) 14:00-17:10
  • Venue: Room 306, ILCAA
  • Clemens POPPE (ILCAA Joint Researcher, The University of Tokyo)
    “On the synchronic analysis of tone and accent in the Kyengsang and Kangwen dialects”
    Young suk KANG (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Matsuyama University)
    “Word formation and accent in the Pusan dialect of Korean”

The 2nd meeting

  • Date/Time: 31 January 2015 (Sat.) 14:30-17:10
  • Venue: Room 306, ILCAA
  • Chiyuki ITO (ILCAA) and Jaehyun SON (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Duksung Women’s University)
    “The Accent of Native Nouns in the Taykwu Dialect of Korean”
    Rei FUKUI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, The University of Tokyo)
    “Linguistic backgrounds of the writers of Middle Korean Hangul texts”

The 1st meeting

  • Date/Time: 12 July 2014 (Sat.) 13:30-17:10
  • Venue: Room 302, ILCAA
  • Language: Japanese
  • Munsuk LEE (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo University of Science)
    “Loanword Accentuation of the Gwangju Dialect of Korean”
    Chiyuki ITO (ILCAA)
    “Analogical Change of Verb Stem Accent in Yanbian Korean”
    Jaehyun SON (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Duksung Women’s University)
    “The Accentual Systems of Various Jeolla dialects of Korean”

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