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ILCAA Joint Research Project

The Origin of "Sharing": Aspects of Coexistence in Humans and Nonhuman Primates (jrp000287)

jrp287

Keywords

  • sharing
  • coexistence
  • human evolution
  • anthropology
  • primatology

Areas

  • Unspecified

Website

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About the Project

Project term: April, 2023–March, 2026

Human beings share various things and activities; we observe “sharing,” which varies with culture and society. The society of nonhuman primates also shows an early sign of “sharing.” Considering the generation and formation of “sharing” as an epoch-making event in the evolutionary history of human society, this project conducts interdisciplinary research on its origin in anthropology and primatology. The project investigates cases of “sharing” among human beings and nonhuman primates to examine (1) the process through which “sharing” has accelerated coexistence with others and generated gregariousness and (2) the contribution that it has made to the evolution of sociality.


Kaori KAWAI, Project Coordinator

Members

Coordinator

  • Kaori KAWAI

ILCAA Staff

  • Tatsuro KAWAZOE

Joint Researchers

  • Jun BABA
  • Miki IKOMA
  • Yuji IWATA
  • Koji KITAMURA
  • Kazumi NATSUHARA
  • Mari NISHIKAWA
  • Masaki SHIMADA
  • Tomoyuki TAJIMA
  • Taro YAMAUCHI
  • Juichi YAMAGIWA
  • Koichiro ZAMMA

Outputs



Meetings

The 3rd meeting

  • Date/Time: Sat 9 Mar 2024 13:30–18:30
  • Venue: 306
  • Language: Japanese
  • 1. Yuji IWATA (Ashinaga Foundation)
    “Inquiry about asymmetricity of sharing”
    2. Kazumi NATSUHARA (Toho University)
    ““Caring” and “Sharing” (tentative)”

The 2nd meeting Report (Japanese)

  • Date/Time: Sat 23 Dec 2023 13:30–18:30
  • Venue: 306
  • Language: Japanese
  • 1. Koji KITAMURA (Professor Emeritus at Okayama University)
    “Contrasting understandings of interactions including gift in the societies where the reciprocity of gift is normative or not.”
    2. Kaori KAWAI (ILCAA)
    “What is 'sharing' and are hostile interactions over livestock among East African pastoralists 'sharing'?”

The 1st meeting Report (Japanese)

  • Date/Time: Sat 29 Jul 2023 13:30–18:30
  • Venue: 304, Online meeting
  • Language: Japanese
  • 1. Kaori KAWAI (ILCAA)
    “Introduction”
    2. All members
    “Self-introductions”
    3. Tomoyuki TAJIMA (Osaka University)
    “Concept of “sharing” in Primatology”
    4. Jun BABA (Wako University)
    “Concept of “sharing” in Anthropology”



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