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ILCAA Joint Research Project

Early Islamization Reflected in Javanese and Other Texts from Southeast Asia (jrp000280)



  • Religion
  • Islamization
  • Indianization
  • Persian literature
  • Javanese
  • Malay
  • Cham


  • West Asia
  • South Asia
  • Southeast Asia


About the Project

Project term: April, 2022–March, 2025

In Southeast Asian islands, Islamization very slowly proceeded since the end of the 13th Century. In this research, we regard the 14-17th Century, the period in that this region was affected by Persian and Indian literature, as “the early period of Islamization” of Southeast Asia, and elucidate how Southeast Asian people understood and accepted Islam as a new religious system mainly by analyses of literature written in Southeast Asian languages (Acehnese, Malay, Javanese, Cham, etc.). We will also utilize the outcomes of these analyses for the comparisons of the period with the history from the 18th Century as “the latter period of Islamization” affected by the Arab.

Yumi SUGAHARA, Project Coordinator





  • Nobuaki KONDO
  • Asako SHIOHARA

Joint Researchers

  • Toru AOYAMA
  • Kazuhiro ARAI
  • Sumio FUKAMI
  • Keiko KURODA
  • Ayako NINOMIYA
  • Toshihiko SHINE
  • Yasushi TONAGA
  • Willem van der MOLEN
  • Yasuko YOSHIMOTO



The 5th meeting

  • Date/Time: Fri 23 Feb 2024 13:30–18:00
  • Venue: 304, Online meeting
  • Language: Japanese
  • 13:30–14:50 Hiroko KUSHIMOTO (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Sophia University)
    “The conversion story in Hikayat Merong Mahawangsa in the context of Malay Islamic thought”
    15:00–16:20 Miho YAMASAKI (ILCAA Joint Researcher)
    “Gods in Ancient Java; Analysis of Old Javanese Inscriptions and Deśawarṇana” (tentative)
    16:30–17:00 Yumi SUGAHARA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    “God as an invisible being and spirits, heroes, and kings as intervening beings” (tentative)

The 4th meeting: International Symposium “Islamization in Southeast Asia as reflected in literature, archival documents and oral stories”

  • Date/Time: Thu 2 Nov 2023– Sun 5 Nov 2023 9:15–20:30
  • Venue: Minoh Campus, Osaka University, Online meeting
  • Language: English
  • For the program, please see here.

The 3rd meeting

  • Date/Time: Wed 29 Mar 2023 13:30–18:30
  • Venue: 303, Online meeting
  • Language: Japanese, English
  • 13:30–14:30 Nobuaki KONDO (ILCAA)
    “Quest for the Persian Original of Hikayat Muhammad Hanafiyyah”
    14:30–15:30 Yumi SUGAHARA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    “The influences of 17th-century religious scholars in Aceh”
    15:45–16:45 Yasuko YOSHIMOTO (ILCAA Joint Researcher,Specially appointed Researcher of Graduate School of Asian and African Studies, Kyoto University)
    “Cham Bani's Reception of Islam through the Religious Book Patar”
    16:45–17:45 Pramono (Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia)
    “A Newly Discovered Manuscripts: Second Version of Syarh Rubai of Hamzah Fansuri written by Syamsuddin al-Sumatrani”

The 2nd meeting

  • Date/Time: Sat 4 Feb 2023 14:00–17:15
  • Venue: Osaka University, Toyonaka Campus, Osaka University Hall 2F Seminar Room1, Online meeting
  • Language: Japanese
  • 14:00–15:30 Kazumasa ISHIKAWA (guest speaker)
    “History of Muslim communities around the Konbaung royal captial in Myanmar”
    15:45–17:15 Ayako NINOMIYA (ILCAA joint researcher, Aoyama Gakuin University)
    “Researches on cultural/religious interactions in South Asia”

The 1st meeting

  • Date/Time: Sat 23 Apr 2022 13:00–16:50 - Sun 24 Apr 2022 10:00–15:30
  • Venue: 303, Online meeting
  • Language: English
  • 23 Apr
  • 13:00–13:10
    13:10–13:50 Miho YAMASAKI (ILCAA Joint Researcher)
    “Kings and religions in Majapahit period: analysis of Old Javanese inscriptions and Deśawarṇana”
    13:50–14:30 Koji MIYAZAKI
    “Islamization of Java and Wayang” (Professor Emeritus of TUFS, ILCAA Joint Researcher)
    14:40–15:20 Yumi SUGAHARA (Osaka University, ILCAA Joint Researcher)
    “Holy persons in the Babad Tanah Jawi” (tentative)
    15:20–16:00 Kazuhiro ARAI (Keio University, ILCAA Joint Researcher)
    “The role of Islam in the history of West Java: from a biography of Sunan Gunung Jati”
    16:10–16:50 Toru AOYAMA (TUFS, ILCAA Joint Researcher)
    “Bangsa and Wangsa: The emergence of the concept of ‘nation’ as seen in the use of bangsa in an early 19th–century Javanese court text” (tentative)
  • 24 Apr
  • 10:00–10:40 Yasuko YOSHIMOTO (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Specially appointed Researcher of Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University)
    “Prayer and phrases in Patar-a religious manuscript of Bani”
    10:40–11:20 Toshihiko SHINE (ILCAA Fellow)
    “On the two Champa's early Islamic teachers: Po Kloang Barau or Chúa Giàng Râu and his brother Po Haniim Per (2)”
    11:30–12:10 Aki TOMITA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Research Fellow of Okayama University)
    “Islam in West Borneo (West Kalimantan) during 18th century” (tentative)
    lunch break
    13:20–14:10 Henri CHAMBERT-LOIR (Osaka University, ILCAA Joint Researcher)
    “Resistance to imperialism as jihad in the Malay World according to Malay sources”
    14:10–14:50 Hiroko KUSHIMOTO (Sophia University, ILCAA Joint Researcher)
    “The conversion story in Hikayat Merong Mahawangsa (The Kedah Annals): the unique presentation of authority”
    Closed meeting (Japanese)

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