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ILCAA Joint Research Project

Transformation of Religions Reflected in Javanese and Other Texts from Southeast Asia: the Roles and Strategies of States in the Process of Islamization

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Keywords

  • Religion
  • Islamization
  • States
  • Manuscripts
  • Javanese
  • Malay
  • Cham

Areas

  • Southeast Asia,
  • South Asia

Website

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About the Project

Project term: April, 2019–March, 2022

Islamization in Java was accelerated by the newborn Islamic states on its North Coast, which were flourishing through trade in the 15–16th centuries. Even in the inland area, which had a long history of Buddhist and Hindu states, the last kingdom succumbed to the combined power of the Muslim states of the North Coast, no longer able to resist the proselytizing force of Islam. Islamization, however, only took off with the political intervention of Sultan Agung, king of new inland state of Mataram (r.1613–1645), who adopted the title of Sultan. It was not a smooth process; there was constant tension between state and religion. The object of this project is to investigate how the state received and utilized the new religion by analyzing Javanese texts from the 16th through the19th centuries. Furthermore, the research seeks to clarify the dynamism of the Islamization of Southeast Asia by comparing the processes that took place in Java with situations in other parts of the Malay world, Champa, and South Asia, all areas that experienced a similar change of religion.

Yumi SUGAHARA, Project Coordinator
(Associate Professor, Osaka University)

Members

Coordinator

  • Yumi SUGAHARA (Osaka University)

ILCAA Staff

  • Nobuaki KONDO
  • Asako SHIOHARA

Joint Researchers

  • Toru AOYAMA
  • Kazuhiro ARAI
  • Oman FATHURAHMAN
  • Sumio FUKAMI
  • Keiko KURODA
  • Koji MIYAZAKI
  • Ayako NINOMIYA
  • Toshihiko SHINE
  • Hiroko SHIOZAKI (KUSHIMOTO)
  • Akatsuki TOMITA
  • Yasushi TONAGA
  • Willem VAN DER MOLEN
  • So YAMANE
  • Miho YAMASAKI
  • Yasuko YOSHIMOTO

Outputs

Meetings

The 5th meeting Report (Japanese)(253KB)

  • Date/Time: Wed 17 Mar 2021 13:00–18:00
  • Venue: Online meeting
  • Language: Japanese
  • 13:00–14:00 Hiroko KUSHIMOTO (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Sophia University)
    “Hikayat Merong Mahawangsa: synopisis, literature review and the conversion story”
    14:00–15:00 Aki TOMITA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Research Fellow of Okayama University)
    “Hikayat Upu Daeng Menambun and the society of West Borneo in the 18th century”
    15:10–16:10 Miho YAMASAKI (ILCAA Joint Researcher)
    “Kings and religion in Majapahit period: analysis of inscriptions and Deśawarṇana”
    16:10–17:10 Yasuko YOSHIMOTO (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Specially appointed Researcher of Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University)
    “The Cham and their mythical legend Po Kut-Illa Huk”
    17:20–18:00 All members
    Closed meeting

The 4th meeting Report (Japanese)(257KB)

  • Date/Time: Tue 23 Feb 2021 13:00–16:30
  • Venue: Online meeting
  • Language: Japanese
  • 13:00–14:00 Koji MIYAZAKI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    “Myth and History in Javanese texts: Watu Gunung story”
    14:00–15:00 Toshihiko SHINE (ILCAA Fellow)
    “Reading the Cham's Islamic cosmology: Sakarai Po Kuk (the philosophy of the Kuk)”
    15:10–16:10 Keiko KURODA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kagoshima University)
    “Some descriptions about the port city of Malay Peninsula in Tarikh Patani”
    16:10–16:30 All members
    Closed meeting

The 3rd meeting Report (Japanese)(428KB)

  • Date/Time: Sun 23 Feb 2020 10:30–18:00
  • Venue: ILCAA Multimedia Conference Room (304)
  • Language: Japanese, English
  • 10:30–12:00
    Special guest: Henri Chambert-Loir (ILCAA Visiting Professor)
    Reading session: Sulalat al-salatin
    13:00–14:20 Yumi SUGAHARA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    “Babad Tanah Jawi and Wali Sanga”
    14:30–15:50 Sumio FUKAMI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    “A Note on Lamuri and Samudera: in Perspective of the Islamization in the 13th Century”
    16:00–17:20 Toshihiko SHINE (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kagoshima University)
    “A memo about Utsat (Hainan Huize or Hainan Cham) in Sanya, Hainan”
    17:20–18:00 All members
    Closed meeting

The 2nd meeting

  • Date/Time: Sun 17 Nov 2019 10:30–18:30
  • Venue: ILCAA Multimedia Conference Room (304)
  • Language: English
  • Jointly Sponsored by ILCAA Joint Research Project “Transformation of religion reflected in Javanese and other texts from Southeast Asia: the Roles and Strategies of States in the Process of Islamization”, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) “The social and intellectual dynamism of Southeast Asian Muslims: Perspectives from the regional variation of kitabs and change in periods of time” (Principal Investigator: Kawashima Midori (Sophia University)Project Number:17K03144)
  • All members
    Reading session: Sulalat al-salatin
    All members
    Opening
    Henri Chambert-Loir (ILCAA Visiting Professor)
    “Malay historical texts in poetic form”
    Kazuhiro ARAI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Keio University)
    “Transliteration and examination of a document on genealogy obtained in Sigli, Aceh”
  • Collaboration program with Research project “The social and intellectual dynamism of Southeast Asian Muslims: Perspectives from the regional variation of kitabs and change in periods of time” (Project Leader: Prof. Kawashima) sponsored by KAKENHI 17K03144
  • Hasnul Arifin Melayu (Ar-Raniry State Islamic University Banda Aceh)
    “Teaching Kitab Sair Al Salikin in Pesantren in Aceh Besar”
    Hikoro KUSHIMOTO (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Sophia University)
    “Comment”
    All members
    Closed meeting

The 1st meeting

  • Date/Time: Sat 29 June 2019 13:00–18:00
  • Venue: ILCAA Multimedia Conference Room (304)
  • Language: Japanese
  • Yumi SUGAHARA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    “Outline of this project”
    All members
    “Self-introduction and introduction of related literatures”
    All members
    “Discussion”

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