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ILCAA Joint Research Project

The Origin of Human Sociality: Towards New Perspective on Hominization

The origin of human sociality: Towards new perspective on hominization

Keywords

  • sociality
  • human evolution
  • hominization
  • anthropology
  • primatology

Areas

  • Southeast Asia
  • Africa
  • Oceania
  • Arctic Circle
  • Japan

Website

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About the Project

Project term: April, 2018–March, 2021

Homo sapiens is the only species with highly evolved cognitive ability and sociality. In recent years, researchers have made rapid advances in studies of monkeys and apes, which have a close genetic relation to humans. In particular, laboratory research into cognitive abilities from the perspectives of evolutionary psychology and comparative cognitive science has achieved significant results. In this joint research project, we approach the origin of human sociality from an empirical perspective based on field data from such disciplines as anthropology (mainly social/cultural anthropology and ecological anthropology) and primatology (mainly wild primate ecology and wild primate sociology). We aim to achieve a comprehensive understanding of hominization — the epoch-making event in the history of human evolution — in addition to the latest knowledge about cognitive ability.

Kaori KAWAI, Project Coordinator (Associate Professor, ILCAA)

Members

Coordinator

  • Kaori KAWAI (ILCAA)

ILCAA Staff

  • Ikuya TOKORO
  • Ryoko NISHII

Joint Researchers

  • Kaoru ADACHI
  • Shinichi FUJII
  • Takeo FUNABIKI
  • Shunkichi HANAMURA
  • Noriko ITO
  • Naoki KASUGA
  • Koji KITAMURA
  • Naofumi NAKAGAWA
  • Michio NAKAMURA
  • Hitonaru NISHIE
  • Keiichi OMURA
  • Toru SOGA
  • David S. SPRAGUE
  • Yuko SUGIYAMA
  • Yuji TAKENOSHITA
  • Masakazu TANAKA
  • Hideaki TERASHIMA
  • Takumi TSUTAYA
  • Motomitsu UCHIBORI
  • Gen YAMAKOSHI

Outputs

Meetings

The 10th meeting

  • Date/Time: Sat 19 Dec 2020 13:00–18:30, Sun 20 Dec 2020 10:00–16:00
  • Venue: Online meeting
  • Jointly Sponsored by ILCAA Joint Research Project “The Origin of Human Sociality: Towards New Perspective on Hominization”, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) “The Origin and Evolution of Sociality: Developing new theories of human evolution based on collaboration between anthropology and primatology” (Principal Investigator:Kaori KAWAI (ILCAA) Project Number:19H05591)
  • 19 Dec
  • 13:00-15:30 Ikuya TOKORO (ILCAA)
    “Thinking Human Evolution through Body-Ornamentation - From Cognitive Revolution to Cosplay” (tentative)
    16:00−18:30 Yuji TAKENOSHITA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Chubu Gakuin University)
    “Social considerations in nonhuman primates: An essay to see them as “experiencing subjects””
  • 20 Dec
  • 10:00−12:30 Gen YAMAKOSHI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto University)
    “Social ecology of chimpanzee cultures: Implications for evolution of sociality”
    13:30-16:00 Ryoko NISHII (ILCAA)
    “Affect, sociality and fieldwork” (tentative)/dd>

The 9th meeting

  • Date/Time: Sun 15 Nov 2020 13:00–18:30
  • Venue: Online meeting
  • Jointly Sponsored by ILCAA, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) “The Origin and Evolution of Sociality: Developing new theories of human evolution based on collaboration between anthropology and primatology” (Principal Investigator: Kaori KAWAI(ILCAA) Project Number: 19H05591)
  • 1. Kaoru ADACHI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto Sangyo University)
    “Urban Fieldwork: Ethnoprimatology and Digital Humanities” (Tentative)
    2. Motomitsu UCHIBORI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Specially Appointed Professor, The Open University of Japan/Hitotsubashi Unversity)
    “On extended sociality”

The 8th meeting Report (Japanese)(1.3MB)

  • Date/Time: Sat 24 Oct 2020 13:00–18:30
  • Venue: Online meeting
  • Jointly Sponsored by ILCAA, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) “The Origin and Evolution of Sociality: Developing new theories of human evolution based on collaboration between anthropology and primatology” (Principal Investigator: Kaori KAWAI(ILCAA) Project Number: 19H05591)
  • 1. Noriko ITOH (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Wildlife Research Center, Kyoto University)
    “Lives & gender in a chimpanzee group”
    2. Naoki KASUGA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Specially Appointed Professor, Hitotsubashi University)
    “The sense of number and the sense of magnitude”

The 7th meeting Report (Japanese)(1.5MB)

  • Date/Time: Sat 22 Aug 2020 14:00–17:00
  • Venue: Online meeting
  • Jointly Sponsored by ILCAA, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) “The Origin and Evolution of Sociality: Developing new theories of human evolution based on collaboration between anthropology and primatology” (Principal Investigator: Kaori KAWAI(ILCAA) Project Number: 19H05591)
  • 1. Masato NAKATSUKASA (Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, Kyoto University)
    “Primate evolution and emergence of sociality”
    2. Gen SUWA (The University Museum, The University of Tokyo)
    “On human evolutionary trajectories and sociality”

The 6th meeting Report (Japanese)(1.8MB)

  • Date/Time: Sat 27 Jun 2020 13:00–18:45, Sun 28 Jun 2020 10:00–13:00
  • Venue: Online meeting via Zoom
  • Jointly Sponsored by ILCAA Joint Research Project “The Origin of Human Sociality: Towards New Perspective on Hominization”, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) “The Origin and Evolution of Sociality: Developing new theories of human evolution based on collaboration between anthropology and primatology” (Principal Investigator:Kaori KAWAI (ILCAA) Project Number:19H05591)
  • 27 Jun
  • 13:00−15:30 Takuya MATSUMOTO (Research Institute for Humanity and Nature)
    “What does primatology clarify about “disability?””
    16:00−18:30 Toru SOGA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Hirosaki University)
    “The Sociality in Ethnic Conflict of Pastoral Society”
  • 28 Jun
  • 10:00−12:30 Yuko SUGIYAMA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Hirosaki University)
    “Multi-faceted way of knowing things”

The 5th meeting Report (Japanese)(515KB)

  • Date/Time: Fri 1 Feb 2020 13:00–19:00
  • Venue: Room 306, ILCAA
  • Jointly Sponsored by ILCAA Joint Research Project “The Origin of Human Sociality: Towards New Perspective on Hominization”, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) “The Origin and Evolution of Sociality: Developing new theories of human evolution based on collaboration between anthropology and primatology” (Principal Investigator: Kaori KAWAI (ILCAA) Project Number: 19H05591)
  • 1. Tatsuro KAWAZOE (ILCAA Research Associate)
    “Coalitions, tolerance and reciprocity among male Japanese macaques”
    2. Aya KAWAI (ILCAA Research Associate)
    “The two ties (/bonds) and “sociality” among hunter-gatherers in Southeast Asia: “Dwelling together” and “kinship” among the Batek in Peninsular Malaysia”

The 4th meeting Report (Japanese)(587KB)

  • Date/Time: Sat 21 Dec 2019 13:00–19:00
  • Venue: Room 304, ILCAA
  • Jointly Sponsored by ILCAA Joint Research Project “The Origin of Human Sociality: Towards New Perspective on Hominization”, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) “The Origin and Evolution of Sociality: Developing new theories of human evolution based on collaboration between anthropology and primatology” (Principal Investigator: Kaori KAWAI (ILCAA) Project Number: 19H05591)
  • 1. Hitonaru NISHIE (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science)
    “Chimpanzees never die, they just fade away: Chimpanzee thanatology revisited.”
    2. Masakazu TANAKA (ILCAA Joint researcher, Professional Institute of International Fashion)
    “Is Monkey Funky or Kinky?”

The 3rd meeting Report (Japanese)(1.6MB)

  • Date/Time: Sat 19 Oct 2019 13:00–18:45, Sun 20 Oct 2019 9:30–16:00
  • Venue: Room 306, ILCAA
  • Jointly Sponsored by ILCAA Joint Research Project “The Origin of Human Sociality: Towards New Perspective on Hominization”, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) “The Origin and Evolution of Sociality: Developing new theories of human evolution based on collaboration between anthropology and primatology” (Principal Investigator:Kaori KAWAI (ILCAA) Project Number:19H05591)
  • 19 Oct
  • 1. Michio NAKAMURA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto University)
    “What is “sociality” and what is its “origin”?”
    2. Takeo FUNABIKI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Professor emeritus, Tokyo University)
    “The Positive feedback between Body Front and Sociality:Upright position makes human front body communicative and social”
  • 20 Oct
  • 1. Hideaki TERASHIMA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kobe Gakuin University)
    “Pair bond, family, band”
    2. Shin'ichi FUJII (ILCAA Joint Researcher, National Museum of Ethnology)
    “Manners of the Coexistence: Competition and Symbiosis in the Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands”

The 2nd meeting Report (Japanese)(1.6MB)

  • Date/Time: Sat 16 Feb 2019 13:00–19:30,Sun 17 Feb 2019 9:30–17:00
  • Venue: Room 306, ILCAA
  • 16 Feb
  • Takumi TSUTAYA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, JAMSTEC)
    “Self-introduction & Practices of cooperative breeding in modern Japan society”
    Naofumi NAKAGAWA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto University )
    “Evolution of tolerant society and its behavioral traits in nonhuman primates”
    Lecture by a guest speaker: Ayaka TAKIMOTO (Hokkaido University)
    “The emergence of morality in tufted capuchin monkeys:prosocial behavior, inequity aversion and social evaluation”
  • 17 Feb
  • David SPRAGUE (ILCAA Joint Researcher, NARO)
    “Measuring the logic of spatial position for human and nonhuman primates”
    Keiichi OMURA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, The Open University of Japan)
    “The Ontology of co-operation: The dramaturgy for sociality in the Inuit worlding”
    Shunkichi HANAMURA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto University)
    “The behavior of waiting and the force to elicit a reaction: focusing on the way of moving together and the interactions involving sick individuals in chimpanzees”

The 1st meeting Report (Japanese)(465KB)

  • Date/Time: Sat 23 Jun 2018 13:00–19:30,Sun 24 Jun 2018 13:00–19:30
  • Venue: Room 306, ILCAA
  • 23 Jun
  • Kaori KAWAI (ILCAA)
    Introduction of the project
    All members
    Self-introductions
    Trends of three study fields on human sociality
    Kaoru ADACHI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto Sangyo University)
    Primatology
    Koji KITAMURA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Okayama University)
    Ecological Anthropology
    Motomitsu UCHIBORI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Hitotsubashi University / The Open University of Japan)
    Social/Cultural Anthropology
  • 24 Jun, Lectures by guest speakers
  • Yuriko IGARASHI (Nihon University)
    “The human evolution from the view point of fertility”
    Ryo ODA (Nagoya Institute of Technology)
    “Evolutionary cognitive bases of altruism”

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