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ILCAA Joint Research Project

Transformation of Religion as Reflected in Javanese Texts (2): Rethinking the Process of Islamization

Transformation of Religion as Reflected in Javanese Texts (2): Rethinking the Process of Islamization

Keywords

  • Religion
  • Islam
  • Manuscript
  • Java
  • Sufism

Areas

  • Java
  • Indonesia
  • South Asia

Website

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About the Project

Project term: April, 2016–March, 2019

In 2013, a three-year project was started, entitled “Transformation of Religion as Reflected in Javanese Texts.” Several activities have been undertaken since then. One of the first activities was to produce a list of published Javanese texts and documents never fully used for historical research. A next step, still underway, is to make a Javanese concordance on the basis of these texts that will be made accessible on the website. In February 2015, an international symposium was held in Tokyo on the subject of the project, covering the religious transformation or transformations that occurred in Java in the ninth to nineteenth centuries.
We have now entered the second term of the project. In this term, we will focus on the process of Islamization in Java. Java has been gradually Islamized since the 14th century. It is assumed that the process was made easy by the spread of Sufism, but adequate discussion on this topic is lacking because of the limited availability of historical sources. The purpose of the present project is to discuss how Islamization occurred after Java went through a long history of Buddhist and Hindu kingdoms, by analyzing Javanese documents written during the 16th to 19th centuries and by making comparisons with Islamization in South Asia.

Yumi SUGAHARA, Project Coordinator
(Associate Professor, Osaka University)

Members

Coordinator

  • Yumi SUGAHARA (Osaka University)

ILCAA Staff

  • Asako SHIOHARA
  • Hideo SAWADA

Joint Researchers

  • Toru AOYAMA
  • Oman FATHURAHMAN
  • Sumio FUKAMI
  • Koji MIYAZAKI
  • Willem van der MOLEN
  • Yumi SUGAHARA
  • Yasushi TONAGA
  • So YAMANE
  • Miho YAMASAKI

Outputs

Meetings

The 9th meeting

  • International Symposium / Open meeting: ILCAA Joint Research Project “Transformation of Religion as Reflected in Javanese Texts (2): Rethinking the Process of Islamization”
  • Date/Time: Sat 30 Jun 2018 13:00–16:50, Sun 1 Jul 2018 9:30–16:30
  • Venue: Osaka University, Toyonaka campus, Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP), Meeting room
  • Language: English
  • 30 Jun
  • Opening
    13:00–13:15 Yumi SUGAHARA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    Session 1:
    Chairperson: Willem van der Molen (ILCAA Joint Researcher, KITLV)
    13:15–14:05 Yumi SUGAHARA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    “Sunan Bonan’s teaching: Theology and Sufism in the 16th century Java”
    Discussant: Yasushi TONAGA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto University)
    14:05–14:55 Toru AOYAMA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    “Imaginary of the seafaring ship in the process of Islamization in Java”
    Discussant: Michael Feener (Oxford University)
    15:10–16:00 Stuart Robson (Emeritus Prof. Monash University)
    “Serat Manik Maya: Javanese mythology”
    Discussant: Julian Millie (Monash University)
    16:00–16:50 Sri Ratna Saktimulya (Gadjah Mada University)
    “Following the footsteps of Sunan Kalijaga through the illuminations in the Pakualaman scriptorium”
    Discussant: Michael Feener (Oxford University)
  • 1 Jul
  • Session 2:
    Chairperson: Toru AOYAMA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    9:30–10:20 Willem van der Molen (ILCAA Joint Researcher, KITLV)
    “Religious change in Java as reflected in the Suluk Panĕpen”
    Discussant: Mitsuo NAKAMURA (Emeritus Prof. Chiba University)
    10:20–11:10 Edwin Wieringa (University of Cologne)
    “Not by the sword? Some notes on the contemporary sanitized myth of Java’s early Islamisation”
    Discussant: So YAMANE (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    11:20–12:10 Ben Arps (Leiden University)
    ““If you desire to live, follow my prophet,Ibrahim the friend of God” Conversion to Islam and the epic of Amir Hamza in Malay and Javanese literature”
    Discussant: Nobuaki KONDO (ILCAA)
    Session 3:
    Chairperson: Toru AOYAMA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    13:30–14:20 Aditia Gunawan (National Library of Indonesia)
    “The Islamization process in West Java: A review of ‘Old Sundanese’ Islamic manuscripts from Kabuyutan”
    Discussant: Julian Millie (Monash University)
    14:20–15:10 Oman Fathurahman (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Syarif Hiadayatullah State Islamic University)
    “The Javanese-influenced Islamic manuscripts in the Malay speaking area of the Philippines:Southeast Asian Muslim mobility?”
    Discussant: Midori KAWASHIMA (Sophia University)
    15:20–16:30
    Discussion: plans for the future

The 8th meeting

  • Date/Time: Sat 19 May 2018 13:00–17:30
  • Venue: Room 304, ILCAA
  • Yumi SUGAHARA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    “preliminary presentation for the International symposium”
    Toru AOYAMA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    “preliminary presentation for the International symposium”
    All members
    Preparation meeting for the International symposium

The 7th meeting

  • Date/Time: Tue 27 Mar 2018 10:00–17:30
  • Venue: Room 306, ILCAA
  • All members
    Reading Babad Tanah Jawi
    Yumi SUGAHARA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    “Wali expressed in the Western Javanese chronicles”
    Toru AOYAMA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    “Analogy of ships expressed in suluk (Javanese sufi poetry)”
    Yasushi TONAGA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto University)
    “Typology of Sufi”
    So YAMANE (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    “The role of Sufi in South Asia”
    All members
    meeting

The 6th meeting

  • Date/Time: Sat 25 Nov 2017 13:15–18:15
  • Venue: Osaka University Toyonaka Campus
  • 13:15–14:00 Sumio FUKAMI (ILCAA Joint Researcher)
    “Gobog conin”
    14:00–14:40 Yumi SUGAHARA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    “research report on the early Islamic sites on Nothern Java”
    14:40–15:20 Toru AOYAMA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    research report
    15:35–16:15 Miho YAMASAKI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    research report
    16:15–16:55 Willem van der MOLEN (ILCAA Joint Researcher, KITLV)
    research report
    16:55–17:35 Yasushi TONAGA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto University)
    research report
    17:35–18:15 So YAMANE (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    research report

The 5th meeting

  • Date/Time: Sat 10 Jun 2017 10:00–16:30 (open meeting), 16:30–19:00 (closed meeting)
  • Venue: Conference Room, Machikaneyama Kaikan,Toyonaka Campus, Osaka University (1-15 Machikaneyama-cho, Toyonaka, Osaka)
  • Language: Japanese
  • Jointly sponsored by ILCAA Joint Research Project “Transformation of Religion as Reflected in Javanese Texts (2): Rethinking the Process of Islamization” and JSPS Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (Principle Investigator: Yumi SUGAHARA (Osaka University) #16H05662)
  • 10:00–16:30 (open)
  • 10:00–12:00 All members
    Reading Babad Tanah Jawi
    13:00-14:30 Toru AOYAMA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    “Local perception of the adoption of Islam in Southeast Asia”
    14:45-16:15 Sumio FUKAMI (ILCAA Joinr Researcher)
    “Historical sites of the early period of Islamization in Java: from Majapahit to Mataram”
  • 16:30–19:00 (closed)
  • 16:30-19:00 All members
    Meeting

The 4th meeting

  • Date/Time: Wed 15 Feb 2017 10:00–16:15 (open), 16:30–18:00 (closed)
  • Venue: Room 304, ILCAA
  • Language: Japanese, English
  • Jointly sponsored by ILCAA Joint Research Project “Transformation of Religion as Reflected in Javanese Texts (2): Rethinking the Process of Islamization” and JSPS Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (Principle Investigator: Yumi SUGAHARA (Osaka University) #16H05662)
  • 10:00–16:15 (open)
  • 10:00-12:00 All members
    Reading Babad Tanah Jawi (balai pustaka version)
    13:00-14:30 Oman FATHURAHMAN (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    “Female Indonesian Sufis: with Special Reference to Java in the 18th and 19th Centuries”
    14:45-16:15 Miho YAMASAKI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    “Islam during the Mataram period”
  • 16:30–18:00 (closed)
  • 16:30-18:00 All members
    Meeting (Closed meeting)

The 3rd meeting

  • Date/Time: Sat 10 Dec 2016 10:00–17:15 (open), 17:30–18:00 (closed)
  • Venue: Room 607 and 302, Nakanoshima Center, Osaka Univeristy (4-3-53 Nakanoshima, Kita-ku, Osaka City)
  • Language: Japanese
  • Jointly sponsored by ILCAA Joint Research Project “Transformation of Religion as Reflected in Javanese Texts (2): Rethinking the Process of Islamization” and JSPS Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (Principle Investigator: Yumi SUGAHARA (Osaka University) #16H05662)
  • 10:00-12:00 (Room 607) (open)
  • All members
    Reading Babad Tanah Jawi
  • 13:00–17:15 (Room 302) (open)
  • Yasushi TONAGA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto University)
    “‘Religious Complex of Sufism, Tariqa and Saint Veneration’ and Islam in Southeast Asia”
    Yumi SUGAHARA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    “Nine saints in Java”
  • 17:30–18:00 (closed)
  • All members
    Meeting (Closed meeting)

The 2nd meeting

  • Date/Time: Sun 6 Nov 2016 10:00–16:30 (open), 16:30–18:00 (closed)
  • Venue: 405, ILCAA
  • Language: Japanese
  • 10:00–16:30 (open)
  • All members
    Reading Babad Tanah Jawi
    Yumi SUGAHARA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    “Studies on Islamization of Java: history and sources” tentative.
    So YAMANE (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    “Global Networks of South Asian Muslims” tentative.
  • 16:30–18:00 (closed)
  • All members
    Meeting (Closed meeting)

The 1st meeting

  • Date/Time: Sat 18 Jun 2016 13:00–17:00
  • Venue: Room 301, ILCAA
  • Yumi SUGAHARA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    Outline of this project.
    All members
    Self-introduction and introduction of related literatures.
    All members
    Discussion.

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