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ILCAA Joint Research Project

Human Society in Evolutionary Perspectives (4)

Human Society in Evolutionary Perspectives (4)


  • Human Evolution
  • sociality
  • human (Homo sapience)
  • non-human primates
  • existence
  • environment
  • extremity


  • Southeast Asia
  • Africa
  • Oceania
  • Arctic Circle

Website (in Japanese)

About the Project

Project term: April, 2015–March, 2018

This joint research project constitutes the fourth term and also the summery of the previous joint research projects of ILCAA, titled “Human Society in Evolutionary Perspective,” which ran a series of three terms on the themes of “ Groups” (the 1st term: 2005– 2008), “Institutions” (the 2nd term: 2009–2011), and “Otherness” (the 3rd term: 2012–2014). The main theme of this project is “Existence,” which closely examines extreme situations and/or conditions as part of the environment for existence. That is, we pursue certain extreme situations and/or conditions of the existence environment, and approach the human innate “sociality” using the following three academic fields: primate sociology/ecology, ecological anthropology, and social/cultural anthropology. Substantial related phenomena are presumed: the destruction/the protection of the environment/ecosystem, biological diversity, endangered, lifetime, life and/or death, bioethics, limited community, etc.

Kaori KAWAI, Project Coordinator (ILCAA)



  • Kaori KAWAI (ILCAA)


  • Ikuya TOKORO
  • Ryoko NISHII

Joint Researchers

  • David S. SPRAGUE
  • Hideaki TERASHIMA
  • Hitonaru NISHIE
  • Kaoru ADACHI
  • Keiichi OMURA
  • Masakazu TANAKA
  • Michio NAKAMURA
  • Motomitsu UCHIBORI
  • Naofumi NAKAGAWA
  • Naoki KASUGA
  • Noriko ITOH
  • Shun’kichi HANAMURA
  • Suehisa KURODA
  • Takeo FUNABIKI
  • Toru SOGA



The 5th meeting Report (Japanese)(375KB)

  • Date/Time: 4 March 2017 (Sat.) 13:00–19:40, 5 March 2017 (Sun.) 9:30–16:00
  • Venue: Room 306, ILCAA
  • 4 March
  • Noriko ITOH (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto University)
    “Existence of chimpanzees and changing environment”
    Toru SOGA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Hirosaki University)
    “Looking Away from the Risks under the Extreme Situation”
    Michio NAKAMURA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto University)
    “On existence of orphan chimpanzees: Is “absence of the mother” an extreme social environment?”
  • 5 March
  • Naofumi NAKAGAWA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto University)
    “Extreme environments where primates can manage to maintain cohesiveness of a group”
    Kaori KAWAI (ILCAA)
    “Rethinking on pastoralists’ nomadism: The interaction between people and various kinds of environment”
    All members
    Business Meeting

The 4th meeting Report (Japanese)(292KB)

  • Date/Time: 30 July 2016 (Sat.) 13:00‐19:00, 31 July 2016 (Sun.) 9:00‐15:30
  • Venue: Seifuso Villa, Kyoto University
  • 30 July
  • David S. SPRAGUE (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, NARO)
    “The Death Rate: Interpretations of Mortality in Life History Theory and Ecology”
    Naoki KASUGA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Hitotsubashi University)
    “Some considerations on family and alliance.”
  • 31 July
  • Masakazu TANAKA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto University)
    “On Guides/Educators of the Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum, who Live with Traumatic Experiences of Holocaust Survivors.”
    Koji KITAMURA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Okayama University)
    ”The two-layered selections by social systems of interactions”

The 3rd meeting Report (Japanese)(382KB)

  • Date/Time: 21 February 2016 (Sun.) 9:30-19:30
  • Venue: Room 306 (Multimedia Seminar Room), ILCAA
  • Suehisa KURODA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, The University of Shiga Prefecture)
    “Apes’ Horticulture”
    Hideaki TERASHIMA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kobe Gakuin University)
    “Encounters for evolution in extreme conditions: How humans have encountered non-human beings in their evolutionary course?”
    Keiichi OMURA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Osaka University)
    “Terror and Bewitchment of Annihilation:The Drive for Human Sociality in Inuit Subsistence System.”

The 2nd meeting Report (Japanese)(409KB)

  • Date/Time: 14 November 2015 (Sat.) 13:00-19:45, 15 November 2015 (Sun.) 9:00-12:30
  • Venue: Room 306, ILCAA
  • 14 November
  • Motomitsu UCHIBORI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, The Open University of Japan)
    “The Life History of a Community: from the Past to the Future”
    Kaoru ADACHI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto Sangyo University)
    “Understanding social evolution by observing interspecific relationship”
  • 15 November
  • Shin’ichi FUJII (Osaka University)
    “Violence and Potential for Peace in Solomon Islands: The Survival Strategy under the Ethnic Conflict.”

The 1st meeting Report (Japanese)(317KB)

  • Date/Time: 28 June 2015 (Sun.) 13:00-19:00
  • Venue: Room 306 (Multimedia Seminar Room), ILCAA
  • Kaori KAWAI (ILCAA)
    Purpose of the joint-project
    All members
    Yuji TAKENOSHITA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Chubu Gakuin University)
    The topics from three academic fields 1: Primatology
    Yuko SUGIYAMA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Hirosaki University)
    The topics from three academic fields 2: Anthropology
    Naoki KASUGA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Hitotsubashi University)
    The topics from three academic fields 3: Social/cultural Anthroporogy

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