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ILCAA Joint Research Project

‘Single’ and Family: The Anthropological Study of ‘Enishi (karmic/relation/connection)’ (jrp000170)

‘Single’ and Family


  • 'single'
  • Socio-cultural Anthropology
  • Family
  • Image of family
  • Nation State
  • Relatedness
  • Enishi


  • extensive areas


About the Project

Project term: April, 2010 - March, 2013

Summary of the project: This research is about the people who are categorized as ‘single’in the society from the standpoint of socio-cultural anthropology. We will studyby paying specific attention to the existence of the ‘single’ and the way of life, by using Enishi, a Japanese word, which mean karmic/relation/connection.

At that time, we focus on ‘single’in society and concerned about family and kinship relations, and in addition, on the relationship between "single" and the state which put considerable impact on the individual person.

Wakana Shiino, Project Coordinator (ILCAA)



  • Wakana SHIINO (ILCAA)


  • Ryoko NISHII (Sub-coordinator)

Joint Researchers

  • Akiko KUNIHIRO
  • Akitomo SHINGAE
  • Hiroki OKADA
  • Ikuko KOIKE
  • Jun BABA
  • Kaoru MURAKAMI
  • Kiyoshi TADOKORO
  • Masakazu TANAKA
  • Sachiko YOKOTA
  • Satoshi TANAHASHI
  • Sayaka UEMURA
  • Shinobu MYOKI
  • Taeko UDAGAWA
  • Taeko UESUGI
  • Toru KONMA
  • Yuko YAGI



The 12th meeting

  • Date/Time: 31 March 2013 (Sun.) 13:00-19:00
  • Venue: Hongo Satellite 7F
  • All members
    A meeting for jointly reviewing papers to publish

The 11th meeting

  • Date/Time: 2 February 2013 (Sat.) 13:00-19:00
  • Venue: Hongo Satellite 7F
  • Satoshi TANAHASHI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Ochanomizu University)
    “Threads as Spun by Spinsters: Reconsidering Pathfinders of Polynesian Diaspora”
    Akiko KUNIHIRO (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Gunma Prefectual Women’s University)
    “Rethinking Individualism and ‘Man-outside-the-world’”

The 10th meeting

  • Date/Time: 21 December 2012 (Fri.) 17:30-19:30, 22 December 2012 (Sat.) 13:00-19:00
  • Venue: Hongo Satellite 8F, 4F
  • 21 December
  • Kikue FUKAMI (Hitotsubashi University)
    “Living in between: A Case Study of Polyamory in Southern California”
  • 22 December
  • Yuichiro SAKAI (Keio University)
    “The Single life and Familism in Prewar Japan” (tentative title)
    Erika TAKAHASHI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, National Museum of Ethnology)
    “Family as a Vocation: The process of re-organizing local welfare system through introducing the support system for relative care takers”

The 9th meeting

  • Date/Time:21 July 2012 (Sat.) 14:30-19:30
  • Venue:Hongo Satellite 3F
  • Kikue FUKAMI (Hitotsubashi University)
    “Living in between:A Case Study of Polyamory in Southern California”
    Masakazu TANAKA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto University)
    “Violence against Women's Single Life: From Rape to Honour-based Violence”
    Commentator: Yoko NARISADA (Tokyo Gakugei University)

The 8th meeting

  • Date/Time:9 June 2012 (Sat.) 13:30-19:00
  • Venue:Hongo Satellite 5F
  • Wakana SHIINO (ILCAA)
    “Thinking of Anthropological Viewpoint for ‘single’ in the world” (tentative title)
    Yoko TANIGUCHI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Senshu University)
    “Reconsideration of the Meaning of Relatedness and Being Alone in Contemporary Japan”
    Sachiko YOKOTA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science)
    “International Marriage in Taiwan: from Replaceable Relationship to Irreplaceable Family” (tentative title)

The 7th meeting : Report(Japanese)(155KB)

  • Date/Time:30 March 2012 (Fri.) 13:30-19:00
  • Venue:Hongo Satellite 7F
  • Taeko UESUGI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Senshu University)
    “Single soldiers and married soldiers: Ambivalence of marital status for state policies”
    Shinobu MYOKI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    “Rethinking Umesao Tadao’s Ideas on Women”

The 6th meeting : Report(Japanese)(127KB)

  • Date/Time:12 November 2011 (Sat.) 13:30-18:30
  • Venue:Hongo Satellite 5F
  • Jun BABA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    “Lies and ties: Strategies for survival of a homeless person”
    Keiya HANABUCHI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido)
    “Immigrant links to the Home: A Comorian woman’s farewells and reunions in Marseille”

The 5th meeting : Report(Japanese)(155KB)

  • Date/Time:23 July 2011 (Sat.) 13:30-19:00
  • Venue:Hongo Satellite 5F
  • Ikuko KOIKE (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kyoto University)
    “Orisa Worship and ‘Single’: Network Formation in the African American Socio-Religious Movement”
    Akitomo SHINGAE (Nagoya City University School of Nursing)
    “From Sex to Homosexual Partnership: Rethinking ‘Queer Families’”

The 4th meeting : Report(Japanese)(148KB)

  • Date/Time:19 June 2011 (Sun.) 14:00-19:30
  • Venue:Hongo Satellite 7F
  • Akiko KUNIHIRO (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Gunma Prefectural Women’s University)
    “Kinship of Hijras, renouncers in India”
    Sayaka UEMURA (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Tokyo International University)
    “The Rethinking of ‘Alien Society’: when the individualism creates the tie.”

The 3rd meeting : Report(Japanese)(144KB)

  • Date/Time:27 November 2010 (Sat.) 14:00-19:00
  • Venue:Hongo Satellite 8F
  • Namie TSUJIGAMI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Kochi Women’s University)
    “Polygamy and ‘Singled’ Women in Saudi Arabia”
    Kaoru MURAKAMI (ILCAA Joint Researcher, Japan External Trade Organization)
    “Being ‘single’ women in Turkish society”

The 2nd meeting : Report(Japanese)(144KB)

  • Date/Time:7 November 2010 (Sun.) 13:30-18:00
  • Venue:Room 302 (Small Conference Room), ILCAA
  • Wakana SHIINO (ILCAA)
    ““Single” Organizing Concepts - study on “Single” to continue towards”
    ‘Living with “single”’ joint review meeting

The 1st meeting : Report(Japanese)(107KB)

  • Date/Time:11 July 2010 (Sun.) 13:00-18:00
  • Venue:Room 302 (Small Conference Room), ILCAA
  • The purpose of this research project, the background of this
    Self introduction on resarch topics and the study plan for this project by each co-researcher
    Disccussion about the study schedule

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